The curious question of whether the Quran has enough connection to the Bible to have stemmed from it is an interesting one. Although there is no doubt about these two religions having their places as Abrahamic faiths, their distinct beliefs separate them as night and day. The Qur’an made its position clear regarding the Bible, so there is a concrete answer to this question. However, to understand the answer fully, a little background would do.
This is a popular question in comparative religion sessions, public forums, and student circles. Christians ask about it mostly once they realized Jesus, Moses, Mary, and many other biblical figures appear in multiple verses of the Islamic holy book. It is true that their mentions were not as mere figures in narratives but of reverence as either prophets of Allah or saints; nothing more. One of such occurrences is in Quran chapter 4 verse 163.
We sent revelation to you — Muhammad PBUH — as we did to Noah and prophets after him, to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, Solomon—to David We gave the book of Psalm —Quran 4, 163.
The Bible was referred to in the Qur’an in parts, as books of prophets of Islam: Sabuur — Psalm— of David, Torah of Moses, and Injeel of Jesus. It referred to those who believe in these books as people of the book. Qur’an also stated in verses like — Al-Baqarah verse 41, 89, 91 — that it came to revive the original message of all previous prophetic books. The Qur’an’s purpose is to guide humankind away from the distorted message of previous books.
Christian theologians believe that Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, may have encountered Christian missionaries in his adult life, so such encounters may have influenced the book. But this claim is shut down by Islamic scholars, who claimed such assertions lack any form of credibility, as the only encounter he had with early Christians was in childhood when he met Bahira, an Arabian Christian monk. The monk had seen signs that pointed to the young boy’s prophethood in Syria and warned his uncle from exposing him further to people who may recognize his signs.
Muslims believe the Qur’an is the everlasting miracle of the final messenger of Islam, Muhammad, peace be upon him, as narrated in a report from Abu Hurairah RA. In the report, the Messenger of Allah said that every prophet had their miracles and his miracle is the Quran. This profound statement shows Qur’an’s importance to Muslims, as the pinnacle of eloquent speech, both in wordings and meaning. It is also regarded as a miracle because it revealed historic events, addressed present events, —at its time of revelation— and future events that later happened or will happen. Such events include the day of judgment, conquering the Romans, then the Jews twice. According to Islam, the original message that Allah sent was that He alone is worthy of worship and in lordship. This message resonates throughout the Quran, in fact, a whole chapter, Surah Al-Ikhlas was dedicated to establish it.
Say, O Prophet, “He is Allah—One and Indivisible” Allah—the Sustainer needed by all. He has never had offspring, nor was He born, and there is none comparable to Him.”
The implication of these affirmations in the Qur’an is that ideologies forming Christians’ core belief system, such as the trinity and Jesus’s divinity, are considered heresy. They are considered an alteration to the original message, which directs to Allah’s oneness.
With these clarifications, you can see that both religions do not differ in trivial issues of faith alone but in the core belief systems as well. The Qur’an reiterated that Jesus was no more than a prophet, just as Ezra was no more than a prophet. Muslims must believe that they were true messengers of Allah who established his monotheism in their times. In Christianity and Judaism respectively these biblical figures have much more divine roles. Back to the question, the correct answer would be No! Qur’an is an independent revelation confirming the revelation of books before it but disapproved of what had become of them. The Quran portrays all previous scriptures as corrupted— far-modified from the original intent of their revelation. Unlike Quran, which is believed to have remained whole since its revelation.